Facilities, Equipment, and Other Resources
The Boone Pickens School of Geology is well equipped, housing facilities that support the research and teaching programs within the School and providing analytical services to other departments within OSU, other universities, and government and non-government entities. Our laboratory facilities are housed in the Noble Research Center and the Henry Bellmon Research Center.
STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND PLATE TECTONICS LABORATORY
The School has state-of-the-art equipment to support structural geology and tectonic analyses, and for conducting GPS surveys, processing, rock deformation analysis, and geologic mapping. The equipment inventory includes:
• Three computers with
o ESRI ArcGIS;
o Midland Valley move;
o Rockworks Rockware;
o MIT’s GAMMIT-GLOBK;
o JPL’s GIPSY-OASIS;
o Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator software.
• Eight Trimble NetRS GPS campaign kits with Zephyr antennas, batteries, solar panels, Two computers equipped with GAMMIT-GLOBK and GIPSY-OASIS for processing GPS data.
• A color printer and large format scanner.
• AutoLab 550-D, a manually controlled rock deformation system.
• Stihl diamond-bit coring drill system.
• Nikon Eclipse E600 petrographic microscope with Nikon camera.
• Brunton compasses, hand held GPS units, rock hammers, and sample bags for field campaigns.
GEOPHYSICS, BIOGEOPHYSICS, HYDROGEOPHYSICS, AND SEISMOLOGY LABORATORIES
The School has state of the art equipment for conducting geophysical surveys related to subsurface contamination, microbial processes at contaminated sites, shallow subsurface lithological studies, and for petroleum research. In addition, a variety of geophysical equipment is available for conducting research in neotectonics.
• Electrical Resistivity
AGI SuperSting R8-56 electrode resistivity/IP system
o IRIS Syscal Pro 72 electrode resistivity/IP system
o Geometrics OhmMapper
• Ground Penetrating Radar
o Pulse Ekko ground-penetrating radar unit with several antennas from 100 to 450 MHz
o Geophysical Surveys Systems Inc. SIR 3000 ground penetrating radar unit with several antennas 200-400 MHz
o Sensors and Software Inc. ground-penetrating radar, 50-200 MHz
o Geonics EM34-3
o Geonics EM31-MK2 Ground Conductivity incl. RT modification, DL600 datalogger including DAS70-CX Data Acquisition System (Allegro CX field computer with
o 2x input connections, incl. battery charger and cables)
o Geometrics STRATAGEM EH4 Hybrid-Source Magnetotellurics. Frequency range of 10 Hz to 90k Hz
• Spontaneous potential (SP)
o Pb-PbCl2 electrodes and voltmeters
o Betsy Gun explosive source
o Kubota mounted compressed-nitrogen fired accelerated weight drop (courtesy, United Service Alliance Inc.)
o 2, 24-channel Geometrics Geode Ultra-Light Exploration Seismograph
o 48, 14 Hz vertical geophones
o 60, 60Hz vertical geophones
o 48, 28Hz horizontal geophones
o Geometrics G858 Cesium vapor magnetometer
o Geometrics G856 Proton precession magnetometer
o Scintrex CG5 gravimeter
• Global Positioning System
o Two Topcon differential GPS systems.
BIOGEOPHYSICS RESEARCH LABORATORY
The Biogeophysics laboratory is housed in the Henry Belmon Research Center (room 010S), a state of the art interdisciplinary science center.
o 3 National Instrument dynamic signal analyzers for conducting laboratory spectral induced polarization (SIP) measurements
o Keithly meters for voltage and resistance automatic data recording
o High impedance voltmeter for Self-Potential recording
o Barrington MS2 for magnetic susceptibility meter
o Laboratory seismic measuring equipment
o Biosafety cabinet
o Sonication bath with temperature control
o 7.5L New Brunswick BIOFLO 110 bench top fermenter (bioreactor)
o UV scanning spectrophotometer
o Microelectrodes including pH meters, conductivity meter, redox probes, etc.
o large capacity gravity oven
o 2 orbital incubators
o VWR AS 12 Bench Autoclave
o Beckman Centrifuge
o Isotemp plus laboratory refrigerators
o Sample storage freezer
o 855-ACB Control Atmosphere Chamber (Anaerobic glove box)
SEISMIC COMPUTATION LABORATORY
The School has a computational laboratory for processing seismic data for petroleum and crustal research.
• HP ProLiant DL580 G5 Server
• IBM xSeries scalable 3950 Cluster Server
• Dual-monitor HP Z400 Workstations.
• Thermal plotter
Industry Standard Software
• Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 as operating system.
• Industry-standard Software
o Landmark processing package: A set of tools direct well-to-seismic correlations, create simple velocity models, or determine accurate time/depth relationships for advanced AVO or inversion workflows, including SeisSpace®/ProMAX®, PowerView, PostStack, Rave, Sigmaview, and Syntool.
o Hampson-Russell: A set of tools for lithology/fluid estimation in reservoirs, including AVO (Amplitude Analysis and Modeling), AFI (Fluid Inversion), ISMAP (Statisticak Mapping), STRATA (Pre- and Post-Stack inversion).
o Schlumberger Petrel: A set of E&P Integrated reservoir management suite
o Roxar RMS: A set of E&P Integrated reservoir management suite
o Surfseis: A set tools for ground roll inversion
o Seismic Micro-Technology Inc. KINGDOM Suite seismic interpretation suite
• Full-Waveform Inversion: Frequency domain visco-acoustic (courtesy: Gerhard Pratt)
• Seismic Unix: seismic processing and modeling (Colorado School of Mines)
• Madagascar: seismic processing and modeling (UT Austin)
• FAST: traveltime tomography (Rice University)
• RAYINVR: velocity model building (Rice University)
GEOSPATIAL SCIENCE AND GEODYNAMICS LABORATORY
The Geospatial Science and Geodynamics Lab at Boone Pickens School of Geology at Oklahoma State University has the following hardware and software:
• Six Guralp CMG-6TD digital broadband seismometers with campaign kits;
• Six high performance workstations;
• One 36” plotter;
• One color printer;
• One black and white printer;
• One 12” scanner;
• EXCELIS Envi Environment for Visualizing Images (ENVI) 5 software for digital image processing of remote sensing data including Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and EarthEye data that will be used in this project;
• EXCELIS SARScape software;
• ESRI ArcGIS 10 software for the production of vector-based map production and spatial analysis;
• GoogleEarth Pro software for the acquisition of EarthEye data that will be used in this project.;
• Midland Valley move structural modeling and analysis software;
• Adobe Web Premium software;
• ACDSee Canvas X software;
• CAE Mining Sirovision photogrammetry software;
REMOTE SENSING ANALYSIS LABORATORY
The School houses research facilities to support remote sensing analyses for geologic and other applications. These facilities provide the ability to collect laboratory- and field-based remote sensing data as well as process satellite, airborne, field, and laboratory data, including Geographic Information Systems (GIS) capabilities to enhance geospatial analysis and mapping capabilities.
• Field-based thermal infrared spectrometer.
• Trimble GeoXH differential Global Positioning System with Zephyr external antenna and associated accessories.
Computing infrastructure, including large dual displays, a Wacom pen tablet for mapping, and ArcGIS and ENVI software.
OSU CORE FACILITY FOR LASER-BASED THREE-DIMENSIONAL SCANNING
Housed in the Remote Sensing Analysis Laboratory of the Boone Pickens School of Geology is a University Core Facility for acquiring, processing, and analyzing lidar data. This facility provides 3D scanning capabilities to the entire OSU community.
• Terrestrial full-waveform LIDAR system.
• Panasonic Toughbook 31.
• Associated surveying equipment.
The Boone Pickens School of Geology is well equipped and houses facilities that support the research and teaching programs within the School and provide analytical services to other departments within OSU, other universities, and government and non-government entities.
Room 010E/P, Henry Bellmon Research Center. This laboratory is 960+ ft2 and houses instrumentation for stable isotope, organic, and inorganic geochemical analyses and associated sample preparation and storage. The laboratory has three hoods, ample power supply, overhead access bays, pressured air, vacuum, natural gas, sinks, storage cabinets, shelves, reverse osmosis water and is internet ready.
Room 013 Noble Research Center. This laboratory is 394 ft2 and houses instrumentation total for organic carbon analyses and associated sample preparation and storage. The laboratory has a hood, ample power supply, pressured air, vacuum, natural gas, sinks, shelves, reverse osmosis water and is internet ready.
Major Analytical Equipment
Stable Isotopes (C, N, O, H)
• Thermo Finnigan Deltaplus XL interfaced with a Costech ECS 4010 combustion EA, high temperature conversion elemental analyzer (TC/EA), and a GasBench.
• Two multipurpose vacuum extraction lines and the necessary wet chemical facilities to prepare gases for stable isotope analyses.
Elemental and Chromatographic Analyses of Liquids
• PerkinElmer Optima™ 2000 DV Inductively Coupled Plasma/Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP/OES) with ultrasonic nebulizer, dual view optics, and autosampler.
• Dionex Reagent-Free™ Ion Chromatography System (ICS-3000). The ICS is equipped with an autosampler and configured in the dual IC mode for simultaneous determination of major anion and cations and simultaneous multi-method analyses.
• Shimadzu 20A HPLC. This HPLC has a quaternary solvent delivery system and an autosampler capable of pretreatment as well as a manual injector. It is equipped with detection capabilities that include UV-VIS, PDA, and fluorescence.
• ThermoElectron Aquamate UV-Visible Spectrophotometer equipped with a miniSipper.
Chromatographic Analyses of Gases
• Perkin Elmer Clarus 500 Gas Chromatograph with autosampler and flame ionization detector and thermal conductivity detector.
• Perkin Elmer Autosystem XL Gas Chromatograph is equipped with autosampler, S/S inlet, and flame ionization detector.
Elemental Analyses of Solids
• UIC, Inc. CM 5014 Coulometer with a furnace and a CM5130 acidification module for the analyses of TC, TOC and TIC in solid and liquid of geological and environmental significance
• LECO SC632 TOC and S Analyzer (housed in NRC 013)
Sample Preparation and Miscellaneous Equipment
• Fisher Scientific Isotemp laboratory refrigerators and Thermo Scientific flammable storage refrigerator and freezer.
• Sartorius-Stedim Arium water purification system
• Mettler Toledo XS205DU dual range analytical balance; Sartorius CPA2P microbalance, and Sartorius GC1630P analytical balance
• AA Syst N-EVAP nitrogen evaporator, Biotage TurboVap II and TurboVap LV, and Glas-Col FlexiVap workstation with heating
• SPEX ball mills with stainless steel, titanium carbide and alumina ball and vial sets
• Soxhlet extraction line
• VirTis benchtop freeze-drier with vacuum pump, adapted for low carbon contamination
• VWR OS 500 shaker table and vortex mixers
• VWR Isotemp constant temperature bath
• Precision 5-100 ºC circulating water bath
• Eppendorf Centrifuge 5810
• Lindberg/Blue 1100 ºC Box furnace
• VWR Model 1300U and 1326 Gravity convection ovens
• Ismatech IPC precision multichannel pump, ultrasonic baths, assortment of hot plates and hotplates/stirrer, benchtop pH meters, benchtop conductivity meters etc.
• VR Colorimeters, YSI multi-parameter probes, pH meters, conductivity meters, peristaltic pumps, submersible pumps.
PETROLOGY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY LABORATORY
The School has state of the art equipment for conducting petrologic and sedimentologic research. In addition to the specific equipment listed below this includes basic sample preparation equipment (rock saws, rock crushers, thin sectioning equipment, and polishing equipment), and a core storage and analysis facility.
Petrologic and Sedimentologic Equipment
• PROG-200 gas porosity meter
• PERG-200 gas permeameter
• PERL-200 liquid permeameter
• CILAS 1180L laser particle-size analyzer with CCD camera and image analysis software. The system is capable of determining the grain size of particles between 0.04 and 2500 microns and the grain shape for particles ranging in size between 20 and 2500 microns.
• Advantech sonic sifter separator for grainsize analysis
• Muffle furnace
• Gravity convection ovens
• High speed centrifuge
• Mettler Toledo AE200 analytical balance
• Several research grade petrographic microscopes including epi-fluorescence and a computer automated point-counting stage.
• CITL CL8200 MK5 Optical Cathodoluminescence system mounted on a petrographic microscope equipped with a low light intensity digital camera system.
• Linkam computer automated Geology Pro Heating and Freezing stage mounted on a petrographic microscope equipped with UV epi-fluorescence capability for fluid inclusion microanalysis.
• Phillips PW3020 computer automated X-ray diffractometer with recently (2006) upgraded electronics, water cooler and computer, operational software and peak search software. The laboratory also includes sample preparation equipment for X-ray studies on all types of geological samples including clay minerals.
• Gamma-ray spectrometer for outcrop studies and sediment characterization.
• Exploranium hand-held gamma-ray spectrometer.
• Thermo Electron Handheld XRF.
• Hand augers
• Ponar grab sampler
COMPUTER AND TEACHING LABORATORIES
• The School is home to the Devon Visualization Facility, a computing teaching facility with 2D and 3D graphical modeling and projection equipment, and videoconferencing capabilities. The laboratory includes advanced graphics stations,
• The School of Geology operates a 20 seat networked, multi-platform facility computer lab. The laboratory also has a variety of multimedia peripherals in the form of color scanners, , large format color plotters and scanners, The laboratory has a wide range of programs that include Mathworks MatLab, ESRI ArcGIS, statistical, and word processing software. There are also numerous stand-alone computers in our laboratories and student offices that are equipped with specialized software.
• The School has 30 portable laptop computers also equipped with a variety of software for use in class and laboratory sessions.
The School has 10 field-resistant laptop computers for use by students. Students can check out the laptops when instruments require the use of a computer in the field.
• The School of Geology houses four general teaching labs as well as two specialized labs. These labs are furnished with a wide variety of rock, mineral, and fossil specimens; petrographic microscopes, maps, and other teaching aids.
The Boone Pickens School of Geology at Oklahoma State University gratefully acknowledges the following generous software grants for instruction and research:
o oasis montaj Educational Edition
o The Kingdom Suite
- Midland Valley Software
ADDITIONAL FIELD EQUIPMENT
The School operates a variety of equipment for use in facilitating field research, including:
• Geoprobe 6300 TMP capable of collecting a 2.5 cm diameter core up to 20 m in length. The drilling equipment is mounted on a 16’ trailer capable of being towed to the field by a full-sized pickup truck.
• Two Topcon Hiperlite+ RTK GPS system.
• Miscellaneous equipment: Brunton compasses, digital cameras, tape measures, etc.
The School of geology has an R/V Trinity. The R/V Trinity is a 16’x 8’ barge. The boat also acts as a platform for the collection of shorter 7.6 cm diameter cores using the vibracore rig owned by Oklahoma State University. The research vessel can be towed on a trailer from one estuary to another easily using a full-size pickup truck, owned by the School of Geology.
ADDITIONAL COLLABORATING FACILITIES ON OSU CAMPUS
• Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrophotometer: The OSU Soil, Water, and Forage Analytical Laboratory is equipped with an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectrometer.
• Microscopy Laboratory: OSU currently maintains a Transmission Electron Microprobe, Confocal Microscope and Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Equipment housed in this facility include a Leica CM 1900 Cryostat, JEOL 100 CX II STEM, JEOL JXM 6400 SEM, Leica TCS Sp2 Confocal Microscope.
• JEOL 733 Superprobe Electron Microprobe (EMP).